The spatial and urban planning concerns related to nuclear facilities locations case study of the Vinča institute location
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The spatial and urban planning is one of the key instruments for the planned formation and development of locations for nuclear facilities, especially in terms of meeting the strict spatial conditionality, as well as in terms of the formation of protection zones in their surroundings. This paper systemizes the international criteria and requirements for the locations of nuclear facilities and analyses the spatial distribution of nuclear facilities in the surrounding countries of the Republic of Serbia. The research was conducted on the example of the location of the Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, within which the fulfilment of spatial requirements, treatment of the location in the existing spatial and urban plans and relationship between other functions in the surrounding area were analysed. The paper proves the starting hypothesis that the general requirements related to both the spatial development of nuclear facilities locations and the protection from radiation have not been ...met in the Vinca location and its surroundings. It was determined that the spatial and urban plans encompassing the area of Vinca do not contain sufficiently specific planning solutions and that, as such, they do not provide a sufficient planning basis for meeting the necessary requirements and obligations regarding the protection from radiation. The paper also gives recommendations for further spatial development and protection of the Vinca location and its surroundings. The research conducted in this paper indicates the importance and priority of further research so that the necessary planning solutions for further development of the complex in Vinca and for the formation of protection zones could be defined through creating a new planning documentation. In addition, the paper particularly highlights the need for conducting a research to identify a location for permanent disposal of radioactive waste. It also indicates the necessity of considering the aspects of environmental protection and protection from radiation in the national and international context.
Keywords:nuclear facility / spatial planning / urban planning / location / planning solution / environment / protection / safety
Source:Nuclear Technology & Radiation Protection, 2017, 32, 1, 99-108
- VINCA Institute of Nuclear Sciences