Possible impact of migrant crisis on the concept of urban planning
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The migrant crisis that hit Europe has been addressed many times by the highest EU bodies, without offering concrete solutions and uniform measures. The EU member states, as well as other countries on the migrant route to the desired destination, respond in a different way to the inflow of migrants, either by acceptance, transmission to other countries, or finally, by closing their borders for migrants. The crisis has not yet got its epilogue, i.e. the consequences of the immigrant inflows to the cities on the migrant route cannot be perceived at the moment. It is inevitable to reflect on the future social integration and inclusion, the segregation of newcommers, or on cultural differences, xenophobia, fear of terrorism, safety, mutual understanding and ignorance, or the key issues of the economic limit. The research hypothesis is that this problem will also spill over into the field of urban planning, and it should be addressed in a holistic way and from all apsects of integrated urba...n development to ensure social, economic and environmental urban sustainability. The paper recognizes the following spatial determinants: cities of migrant arrivals (border places, ports, etc.), transit cities on the migrant route, with different period of stay, and the cities of the desired final destination, with their classification based on their size. At the level of the undertaken measures, the paper differentiates between the short- and long-term solutions of different size and coverage. In conclusions, the migration effects in the West Europen cities have been used to find an appropriate planning response to a new situation in our Region, avoid segregation, enclaves, and enabling an undisturbed inclusion.
Keywords:migrants / cities / urban plannning / inclusion / multicultural society
Source:Conference Proceedings ''Places anTechnologies 2018'', Belgrade: University of Belgrade Faculty of Architecture, 2018, 279-286
- Belgrade: University of Belgrade Faculty of Architecture
- Editors: Aleksandra Krstić-Furundžić, Eva Vaništa Lazarević, Milena Vukmirović, Aleksandra Đukić, ,