Tošić, Dragutin

Link to this page

Authority KeyName Variants
27acb2bf-80bc-43a4-aa2d-78b1cc8ef12a
  • Tošić, Dragutin (9)
Projects

Author's Bibliography

Development Challenges Faced by Cities in Serbia

Krunić, Nikola; Gajić, Aleksandra; Tošić, Dragutin

(Cham : Springer, 2022)

TY  - CHAP
AU  - Krunić, Nikola
AU  - Gajić, Aleksandra
AU  - Tošić, Dragutin
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/632
AB  - The cities in Serbia are a heterogeneous system of settlements of various demographic size, economic development and functional capacity, resulting from different predispositions for development in a specific geographic and socio-historical context. This chapter considers cities as urban centres which are hubs of their local government units that have a central function in their spheres of influence. Although this is not congruent with the concept of a city defined by multiple relevant laws, it aptly reflects the cities in Serbia; however, that is not the subject of this discussion. This debate examines the system of settlements in a specific territory from the perspective of urban geography, with urban systems or networks of settlements at different levels of development, but all of which have at least one central settlement, along with other surrounding subordinate settlements. This approach to urban systems enables a comprehensive view of the cause-and-effect relationships that define each urban system, namely their space, population and activities, and it avoids incomplete views by focusing on just some aspects of urban development. Finally, this approach has also been used in the long practice of spatial planning in Serbia.
PB  - Cham : Springer
T2  - The Geography of Serbia: Nature, People, Economy
T1  - Development Challenges Faced by Cities in Serbia
SP  - 279
EP  - 287
ER  - 
@inbook{
author = "Krunić, Nikola and Gajić, Aleksandra and Tošić, Dragutin",
year = "2022",
abstract = "The cities in Serbia are a heterogeneous system of settlements of various demographic size, economic development and functional capacity, resulting from different predispositions for development in a specific geographic and socio-historical context. This chapter considers cities as urban centres which are hubs of their local government units that have a central function in their spheres of influence. Although this is not congruent with the concept of a city defined by multiple relevant laws, it aptly reflects the cities in Serbia; however, that is not the subject of this discussion. This debate examines the system of settlements in a specific territory from the perspective of urban geography, with urban systems or networks of settlements at different levels of development, but all of which have at least one central settlement, along with other surrounding subordinate settlements. This approach to urban systems enables a comprehensive view of the cause-and-effect relationships that define each urban system, namely their space, population and activities, and it avoids incomplete views by focusing on just some aspects of urban development. Finally, this approach has also been used in the long practice of spatial planning in Serbia.",
publisher = "Cham : Springer",
journal = "The Geography of Serbia: Nature, People, Economy",
booktitle = "Development Challenges Faced by Cities in Serbia",
pages = "279-287"
}
Krunić, N., Gajić, A.,& Tošić, D.. (2022). Development Challenges Faced by Cities in Serbia. in The Geography of Serbia: Nature, People, Economy
Cham : Springer., 279-287.
Krunić N, Gajić A, Tošić D. Development Challenges Faced by Cities in Serbia. in The Geography of Serbia: Nature, People, Economy. 2022;:279-287..
Krunić, Nikola, Gajić, Aleksandra, Tošić, Dragutin, "Development Challenges Faced by Cities in Serbia" in The Geography of Serbia: Nature, People, Economy (2022):279-287.

Spatial aspects of demographic processes in Serbia

Krunić, Nikola; Gajić, Aleksandra; Srnić, Danijela; Tošić, Dragutin

(Belgrade : Institute of Social Sciencies, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Krunić, Nikola
AU  - Gajić, Aleksandra
AU  - Srnić, Danijela
AU  - Tošić, Dragutin
PY  - 2018
UR  - https://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/575
AB  - Changes in the trends, distribution and structures of the population identified through censuses (such as the changes in total population, gender, educational, age and other structures) are crucial for understanding spatial phenomena and processes like urbanization. Numerous urban geography studies researching the development of systems of settlements in former Yugoslavia, which carried on in Serbia, were the foundation for a singular theoretical and methodological framework for researching spatial phenomena and processes focused precisely on the understanding of dynamic changes in the structures of the population and their territorial manifestation. Other than in scientific research, this approach found direct application in spatial and urban planning, when defining the measures directing demographic development, arrangement of urban functions, formation of a system of settlements, planning infrastructure development, etc. More recently, this theoretical and methodological framework was enhanced using GIS technologies, which allow for the integration of spatial and statistical data and provide for a powerful analytical tool. Data integration has spurred new research on the correlation between demographic and spatial phenomena and the mutual relationships and influences between spatial and demographic development. This paper presents an overview of existing research on the mutual influence between population development trends and spatial changes manifest through the fluctuations in the intensity of built-up areas, population density, infrastructure development, etc. A model of population distribution was created by using selected census statistical data and correlating them with phenomena in actual geospace. Emphasis is placed on the significance of using this and similar models in further research on the population’s impact on the environment, directing economic development, protection in emergency situations, and numerous other areas.
PB  - Belgrade : Institute of Social Sciencies
T2  - Stanovništvo
T1  - Spatial aspects of demographic processes in Serbia
VL  - 56
IS  - 2
SP  - 23
EP  - 38
DO  - 10.2298/STNV1802023K
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Krunić, Nikola and Gajić, Aleksandra and Srnić, Danijela and Tošić, Dragutin",
year = "2018",
abstract = "Changes in the trends, distribution and structures of the population identified through censuses (such as the changes in total population, gender, educational, age and other structures) are crucial for understanding spatial phenomena and processes like urbanization. Numerous urban geography studies researching the development of systems of settlements in former Yugoslavia, which carried on in Serbia, were the foundation for a singular theoretical and methodological framework for researching spatial phenomena and processes focused precisely on the understanding of dynamic changes in the structures of the population and their territorial manifestation. Other than in scientific research, this approach found direct application in spatial and urban planning, when defining the measures directing demographic development, arrangement of urban functions, formation of a system of settlements, planning infrastructure development, etc. More recently, this theoretical and methodological framework was enhanced using GIS technologies, which allow for the integration of spatial and statistical data and provide for a powerful analytical tool. Data integration has spurred new research on the correlation between demographic and spatial phenomena and the mutual relationships and influences between spatial and demographic development. This paper presents an overview of existing research on the mutual influence between population development trends and spatial changes manifest through the fluctuations in the intensity of built-up areas, population density, infrastructure development, etc. A model of population distribution was created by using selected census statistical data and correlating them with phenomena in actual geospace. Emphasis is placed on the significance of using this and similar models in further research on the population’s impact on the environment, directing economic development, protection in emergency situations, and numerous other areas.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Institute of Social Sciencies",
journal = "Stanovništvo",
title = "Spatial aspects of demographic processes in Serbia",
volume = "56",
number = "2",
pages = "23-38",
doi = "10.2298/STNV1802023K"
}
Krunić, N., Gajić, A., Srnić, D.,& Tošić, D.. (2018). Spatial aspects of demographic processes in Serbia. in Stanovništvo
Belgrade : Institute of Social Sciencies., 56(2), 23-38.
https://doi.org/10.2298/STNV1802023K
Krunić N, Gajić A, Srnić D, Tošić D. Spatial aspects of demographic processes in Serbia. in Stanovništvo. 2018;56(2):23-38.
doi:10.2298/STNV1802023K .
Krunić, Nikola, Gajić, Aleksandra, Srnić, Danijela, Tošić, Dragutin, "Spatial aspects of demographic processes in Serbia" in Stanovništvo, 56, no. 2 (2018):23-38,
https://doi.org/10.2298/STNV1802023K . .
3
2

Recent changes of spatial and functional organization of urban regions and cities in Serbia

Krunić, Nikola; Tošić, Dragutin; Milijić, Saša

(Thessaloniki : Department of Planning and Regional Development, University of Thessaly, 2013)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Krunić, Nikola
AU  - Tošić, Dragutin
AU  - Milijić, Saša
PY  - 2013
UR  - https://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/603
AB  - This paper summarizes the results of recent explorations of spatial and functional organization of Serbia based on identification of its urban regions (UR). Network of settlements was treated as a complex, open and dynamical system of urban regions, functional urban areas (FUR) and daily urban systems (DUS). These complex systems have been developed under the conditions of continuous redistribution of population and more/less synchronized processes of deagrarization, deindustrialization and urbanization with general socioeconomic flows. Determination of urban regions is theoretically and methodically based on principles of regionalization and recent doctrines of regional development, contemporary spatial planning and social and economics disciplines of social geography. Results to a great extent identify and scientifically explain problems of the development of spatial and functional organization of urban regions in Serbia.
PB  - Thessaloniki : Department of Planning and Regional Development, University of Thessaly
C3  - Proceedings / International Conference on "Changing Cities" : Spatial, morphological, formal and socio-economic dimensions, Skiathos, June 18-21
T1  - Recent changes of spatial and functional organization of urban regions and cities in Serbia
SP  - 1687
EP  - 1697
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Krunić, Nikola and Tošić, Dragutin and Milijić, Saša",
year = "2013",
abstract = "This paper summarizes the results of recent explorations of spatial and functional organization of Serbia based on identification of its urban regions (UR). Network of settlements was treated as a complex, open and dynamical system of urban regions, functional urban areas (FUR) and daily urban systems (DUS). These complex systems have been developed under the conditions of continuous redistribution of population and more/less synchronized processes of deagrarization, deindustrialization and urbanization with general socioeconomic flows. Determination of urban regions is theoretically and methodically based on principles of regionalization and recent doctrines of regional development, contemporary spatial planning and social and economics disciplines of social geography. Results to a great extent identify and scientifically explain problems of the development of spatial and functional organization of urban regions in Serbia.",
publisher = "Thessaloniki : Department of Planning and Regional Development, University of Thessaly",
journal = "Proceedings / International Conference on "Changing Cities" : Spatial, morphological, formal and socio-economic dimensions, Skiathos, June 18-21",
title = "Recent changes of spatial and functional organization of urban regions and cities in Serbia",
pages = "1687-1697"
}
Krunić, N., Tošić, D.,& Milijić, S.. (2013). Recent changes of spatial and functional organization of urban regions and cities in Serbia. in Proceedings / International Conference on "Changing Cities" : Spatial, morphological, formal and socio-economic dimensions, Skiathos, June 18-21
Thessaloniki : Department of Planning and Regional Development, University of Thessaly., 1687-1697.
Krunić N, Tošić D, Milijić S. Recent changes of spatial and functional organization of urban regions and cities in Serbia. in Proceedings / International Conference on "Changing Cities" : Spatial, morphological, formal and socio-economic dimensions, Skiathos, June 18-21. 2013;:1687-1697..
Krunić, Nikola, Tošić, Dragutin, Milijić, Saša, "Recent changes of spatial and functional organization of urban regions and cities in Serbia" in Proceedings / International Conference on "Changing Cities" : Spatial, morphological, formal and socio-economic dimensions, Skiathos, June 18-21 (2013):1687-1697.

Modelling the spatial distribution of Vojvodina's population by using dasymetric method

Krunić, Nikola; Bajat, Branislav; Kilibarda, Milan; Tošić, Dragutin

(Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia, 2011)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Krunić, Nikola
AU  - Bajat, Branislav
AU  - Kilibarda, Milan
AU  - Tošić, Dragutin
PY  - 2011
UR  - https://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/193
AB  - Cartographic presentation of heterogeneity/homogeneity in the spatial distribution of population is still a major problem in modern geography, and other geo-sciences as well. The traditional method of thematic or choropleth mapping rarely gives satisfactory results. This paper analyzes the applicability of dasymetric mapping method for the modelling of spatial distribution of population. Although it is a relatively old method, it becomes widely used following the development of computer technology, GIS and satellite imagery, and its applicability is increasing in social, economic and other sciences and disciplines. After showing the basis and development of dasymetric mapping, the authors present possible application of this method in the population distribution modelling of Vojvodina.
PB  - Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia
T2  - Spatium
T1  - Modelling the spatial distribution of Vojvodina's population by using dasymetric method
IS  - 24
SP  - 45
EP  - 50
DO  - 10.2298/SPAT1124045K
UR  - Konv_110
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Krunić, Nikola and Bajat, Branislav and Kilibarda, Milan and Tošić, Dragutin",
year = "2011",
abstract = "Cartographic presentation of heterogeneity/homogeneity in the spatial distribution of population is still a major problem in modern geography, and other geo-sciences as well. The traditional method of thematic or choropleth mapping rarely gives satisfactory results. This paper analyzes the applicability of dasymetric mapping method for the modelling of spatial distribution of population. Although it is a relatively old method, it becomes widely used following the development of computer technology, GIS and satellite imagery, and its applicability is increasing in social, economic and other sciences and disciplines. After showing the basis and development of dasymetric mapping, the authors present possible application of this method in the population distribution modelling of Vojvodina.",
publisher = "Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia",
journal = "Spatium",
title = "Modelling the spatial distribution of Vojvodina's population by using dasymetric method",
number = "24",
pages = "45-50",
doi = "10.2298/SPAT1124045K",
url = "Konv_110"
}
Krunić, N., Bajat, B., Kilibarda, M.,& Tošić, D.. (2011). Modelling the spatial distribution of Vojvodina's population by using dasymetric method. in Spatium
Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia.(24), 45-50.
https://doi.org/10.2298/SPAT1124045K
Konv_110
Krunić N, Bajat B, Kilibarda M, Tošić D. Modelling the spatial distribution of Vojvodina's population by using dasymetric method. in Spatium. 2011;(24):45-50.
doi:10.2298/SPAT1124045K
Konv_110 .
Krunić, Nikola, Bajat, Branislav, Kilibarda, Milan, Tošić, Dragutin, "Modelling the spatial distribution of Vojvodina's population by using dasymetric method" in Spatium, no. 24 (2011):45-50,
https://doi.org/10.2298/SPAT1124045K .,
Konv_110 .
5
8

Daily urban systems in function of the spatial organisation in Serbia

Tošić, Dragutin; Krunić, Nikola; Petrić, Jasna

(Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of Serbia, 2009)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Tošić, Dragutin
AU  - Krunić, Nikola
AU  - Petrić, Jasna
PY  - 2009
UR  - https://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/163
AB  - In the form of theoretical discussion, this paper makes a brief analysis of relevant methodological steps for determination of Daily Urban Systems and the approach for their spatial-functional representation. The potential of using Daily Urban Systems as instruments for regional planning and regional development has been indicated. A model for determining Daily Urban Systems in Serbia has been proposed according to our socio-economic conditions. The experience thus far in reference to research of demographic, spatial and functional components of Daily Urban Systems demonstrates that for definition of their spatial and temporal manifestation and continuity models, the most relevant indicators are those which relate to distribution and functional specialization of work centers and places of living, and those which relate to quantitative-qualitative characteristics of daily migrants. Daily Urban Systems of Serbia have been developed under the conditions of continuous redistribution of population from rural to urban settlements and more or less synchronized processes of deagrarisation, deindustrialisation and urbanization with general socioeconomic flows. According to the dynamics of development in functions of work, living, education, service activities and public-social facilities in the urban regions, there have been formed Daily Urban Systems with appropriate hierarchy. The paper presents results of the latest research of Daily Urban Systems in Serbia, driven by scientific and appreciative reasons (preparation of the Regional spatial plans for municipalities of Južno pomoravlje and for Timočka krajina, and determination of the nodal systems in Zlatibor county). Daily Urban Systems, especially their regional role and implication, are proposed for instruments of rational spatial-functional organization of Serbia. According to the relevant theoretical-methodological approach and presented empirical evidence, the model of Daily Urban Systems' development has been formed, according to which a number of strategic directions for spatial organization of national regional and local network of settlements is oriented.
AB  - U radu su, u formi teorijske rasprave, dati sažeti prikazi relevantnih metodoloških postupaka za determinisanje dnevnih urbanih sistema i načina njihovog prostorno-funkcionalnog ispoljavanja. Ukazano je na mogućnost korišćenja dnevnih urbanih sistema za instrumente regionalnog planiranja i regionalnog razvoja. Predložen je model izdvajanja dnevnih urbanih sistema Srbije prilagođen domaćim socioekonomskim uslovima. Dosadašnja iskustva u istraživanju demografskih, prostornih i funkcijskih komponenti dnevnih urbanih sistema govore da su za definisanje modela njihovog ispoljavanja i trajanja u prostoru i vremenu najrelevantniji indikatori o razmeštaju i funkcijskom usmerenju centara rada i naselja stanovanja i o kvantitativno-kvalitativnim osobinama dnevnih migranata. Dnevni urbani sistemi u Srbiji su se razvijali u uslovima stalnog prerazmeštaja stanovništva iz sela u gradove i manje-veće sinhronizovanosti procesa deagrarizacije, industrijalizacije i urbanizacije sa opštim socioekonomskim tokovima. Shodno dinamici razvoja funkcija rada, stanovanja, obrazovanja uslužnih delatnosti i javno-socijalnih službi u urbanim regionima, formirani su dnevni urbani sistemi i uspostavljena je njihova hijerarhija. U radu su prikazani rezultati novijih istraživanja dnevnih urbanih sistema u Srbiji vršenih za naučne i aplikativne potrebe (izrada regionalnih prostornih planova opština Južnog pomoravlja i Timočke krajine i određivanje nodalnih sistema u Zlatiborskom okrugu). Dnevni urbani sistemi, posebno njihov regionalni uticaj i značaj, predloženi su za instrumente racionalne prostorno-funkcionalne organizacije Srbije. Na bazi relevantnih teorijsko-metodoloških postupaka i prikazanih empirijskih iskustava, formiran je model razvoja dnevnih urbanih sistema, čime se u velikoj meri određuju strateški pravci prostorne organizacije mreže naselja nacionalnog regionalnog i lokalnog nivoa.
PB  - Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of Serbia
T2  - Arhitektura i urbanizam
T1  - Daily urban systems in function of the spatial organisation in Serbia
T1  - Dnevni urbani sistemi u funkciji prostorne organizacije Srbije
IS  - 27
SP  - 35
EP  - 45
UR  - Konv_69
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Tošić, Dragutin and Krunić, Nikola and Petrić, Jasna",
year = "2009",
abstract = "In the form of theoretical discussion, this paper makes a brief analysis of relevant methodological steps for determination of Daily Urban Systems and the approach for their spatial-functional representation. The potential of using Daily Urban Systems as instruments for regional planning and regional development has been indicated. A model for determining Daily Urban Systems in Serbia has been proposed according to our socio-economic conditions. The experience thus far in reference to research of demographic, spatial and functional components of Daily Urban Systems demonstrates that for definition of their spatial and temporal manifestation and continuity models, the most relevant indicators are those which relate to distribution and functional specialization of work centers and places of living, and those which relate to quantitative-qualitative characteristics of daily migrants. Daily Urban Systems of Serbia have been developed under the conditions of continuous redistribution of population from rural to urban settlements and more or less synchronized processes of deagrarisation, deindustrialisation and urbanization with general socioeconomic flows. According to the dynamics of development in functions of work, living, education, service activities and public-social facilities in the urban regions, there have been formed Daily Urban Systems with appropriate hierarchy. The paper presents results of the latest research of Daily Urban Systems in Serbia, driven by scientific and appreciative reasons (preparation of the Regional spatial plans for municipalities of Južno pomoravlje and for Timočka krajina, and determination of the nodal systems in Zlatibor county). Daily Urban Systems, especially their regional role and implication, are proposed for instruments of rational spatial-functional organization of Serbia. According to the relevant theoretical-methodological approach and presented empirical evidence, the model of Daily Urban Systems' development has been formed, according to which a number of strategic directions for spatial organization of national regional and local network of settlements is oriented., U radu su, u formi teorijske rasprave, dati sažeti prikazi relevantnih metodoloških postupaka za determinisanje dnevnih urbanih sistema i načina njihovog prostorno-funkcionalnog ispoljavanja. Ukazano je na mogućnost korišćenja dnevnih urbanih sistema za instrumente regionalnog planiranja i regionalnog razvoja. Predložen je model izdvajanja dnevnih urbanih sistema Srbije prilagođen domaćim socioekonomskim uslovima. Dosadašnja iskustva u istraživanju demografskih, prostornih i funkcijskih komponenti dnevnih urbanih sistema govore da su za definisanje modela njihovog ispoljavanja i trajanja u prostoru i vremenu najrelevantniji indikatori o razmeštaju i funkcijskom usmerenju centara rada i naselja stanovanja i o kvantitativno-kvalitativnim osobinama dnevnih migranata. Dnevni urbani sistemi u Srbiji su se razvijali u uslovima stalnog prerazmeštaja stanovništva iz sela u gradove i manje-veće sinhronizovanosti procesa deagrarizacije, industrijalizacije i urbanizacije sa opštim socioekonomskim tokovima. Shodno dinamici razvoja funkcija rada, stanovanja, obrazovanja uslužnih delatnosti i javno-socijalnih službi u urbanim regionima, formirani su dnevni urbani sistemi i uspostavljena je njihova hijerarhija. U radu su prikazani rezultati novijih istraživanja dnevnih urbanih sistema u Srbiji vršenih za naučne i aplikativne potrebe (izrada regionalnih prostornih planova opština Južnog pomoravlja i Timočke krajine i određivanje nodalnih sistema u Zlatiborskom okrugu). Dnevni urbani sistemi, posebno njihov regionalni uticaj i značaj, predloženi su za instrumente racionalne prostorno-funkcionalne organizacije Srbije. Na bazi relevantnih teorijsko-metodoloških postupaka i prikazanih empirijskih iskustava, formiran je model razvoja dnevnih urbanih sistema, čime se u velikoj meri određuju strateški pravci prostorne organizacije mreže naselja nacionalnog regionalnog i lokalnog nivoa.",
publisher = "Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of Serbia",
journal = "Arhitektura i urbanizam",
title = "Daily urban systems in function of the spatial organisation in Serbia, Dnevni urbani sistemi u funkciji prostorne organizacije Srbije",
number = "27",
pages = "35-45",
url = "Konv_69"
}
Tošić, D., Krunić, N.,& Petrić, J.. (2009). Daily urban systems in function of the spatial organisation in Serbia. in Arhitektura i urbanizam
Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of Serbia.(27), 35-45.
Konv_69
Tošić D, Krunić N, Petrić J. Daily urban systems in function of the spatial organisation in Serbia. in Arhitektura i urbanizam. 2009;(27):35-45.
Konv_69 .
Tošić, Dragutin, Krunić, Nikola, Petrić, Jasna, "Daily urban systems in function of the spatial organisation in Serbia" in Arhitektura i urbanizam, no. 27 (2009):35-45,
Konv_69 .

Problems of spatial-functional organization of Južno Pomoravlje region's network of settlements

Krunić, Nikola; Tošić, Dragutin; Milijić, Saša

(Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia, 2009)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Krunić, Nikola
AU  - Tošić, Dragutin
AU  - Milijić, Saša
PY  - 2009
UR  - https://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/166
AB  - During the elaboration of the Regional spatial plan of the municipalities of Južno Pomoravlje (Region Južno Pomoravlje) a special attention was paid to its network of settlements. Demographical and functional determinants of this network were analyzed based on the relevant theoretical-methodological concepts and qualitative-quantitative indicators. Settlement network of Južno Pomoravlje was considered as a subsystem of the Republic of Serbia's settlements' system. Correlation and causality between processes of spatial and socio-economic migration of population and functional transformation of settlements have been highlighted, which caused differentiation of the Region's municipalities to: urban cores - peri-urban rings - suburban more or less urbanized villages and rural surroundings. Models of decentralized concentration and micro-developing nuclei are proposed as instruments for decentralization of the Region or its municipalities. Based on the level of spatial-functional integration of settlements, regional as well as municipal and micro-functional - micro-regional structures have been identified. This paper gives conceptual and strategic proposals of spatial-functional organization of Južno Pomoravlje, which are based on settlements' determinants. Authors suggest that functional premises define determinants for the Regional spatial plan and steer the sectoral and strategic decisions.
PB  - Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia
T2  - Spatium
T1  - Problems of spatial-functional organization of Južno Pomoravlje region's network of settlements
IS  - 19
SP  - 20
EP  - 29
DO  - 10.2298/SPAT0919020K
UR  - Konv_89
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Krunić, Nikola and Tošić, Dragutin and Milijić, Saša",
year = "2009",
abstract = "During the elaboration of the Regional spatial plan of the municipalities of Južno Pomoravlje (Region Južno Pomoravlje) a special attention was paid to its network of settlements. Demographical and functional determinants of this network were analyzed based on the relevant theoretical-methodological concepts and qualitative-quantitative indicators. Settlement network of Južno Pomoravlje was considered as a subsystem of the Republic of Serbia's settlements' system. Correlation and causality between processes of spatial and socio-economic migration of population and functional transformation of settlements have been highlighted, which caused differentiation of the Region's municipalities to: urban cores - peri-urban rings - suburban more or less urbanized villages and rural surroundings. Models of decentralized concentration and micro-developing nuclei are proposed as instruments for decentralization of the Region or its municipalities. Based on the level of spatial-functional integration of settlements, regional as well as municipal and micro-functional - micro-regional structures have been identified. This paper gives conceptual and strategic proposals of spatial-functional organization of Južno Pomoravlje, which are based on settlements' determinants. Authors suggest that functional premises define determinants for the Regional spatial plan and steer the sectoral and strategic decisions.",
publisher = "Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia",
journal = "Spatium",
title = "Problems of spatial-functional organization of Južno Pomoravlje region's network of settlements",
number = "19",
pages = "20-29",
doi = "10.2298/SPAT0919020K",
url = "Konv_89"
}
Krunić, N., Tošić, D.,& Milijić, S.. (2009). Problems of spatial-functional organization of Južno Pomoravlje region's network of settlements. in Spatium
Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia.(19), 20-29.
https://doi.org/10.2298/SPAT0919020K
Konv_89
Krunić N, Tošić D, Milijić S. Problems of spatial-functional organization of Južno Pomoravlje region's network of settlements. in Spatium. 2009;(19):20-29.
doi:10.2298/SPAT0919020K
Konv_89 .
Krunić, Nikola, Tošić, Dragutin, Milijić, Saša, "Problems of spatial-functional organization of Južno Pomoravlje region's network of settlements" in Spatium, no. 19 (2009):20-29,
https://doi.org/10.2298/SPAT0919020K .,
Konv_89 .
4

Sustainable city spatial structure research: Quo vadis?

Tošić, Dragutin; Krunić, Nikola; Nevenić, Marija

(Serbian Geographical Society, 2008)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Tošić, Dragutin
AU  - Krunić, Nikola
AU  - Nevenić, Marija
PY  - 2008
UR  - https://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/141
AB  - This article contributes, in the form of theoretical discussion, to the review of relevant methods for determination of city's spatial structure through the retrospective of continuity/discontinuity of understanding their spatial structure from the school of classical sociology to the sustainable development paradigm. Particularly, authors underline significance and analyze main theories and their models (social-ecology, economics, system science and geography) in the researching of spatial structure of the cities. They conclude that urban settlements spatial structure is resultant of complex dynamically-developing processes between settlements networks and systems on the one, and also between their internal components, on the other side. In their essence, cities are not statistical category, but complex and dynamical system whose structure reflects the relations between economic, social and cultural organization of life, adapted to the geographic environment.
AB  - U radu su, u formi teorijske rasprave, dati prikazi relevantnih postupaka za determinisnje prostorne strukture gradova kroz retrospekt kontinuiteta - diskontinuiteta shvatanja prostorne strukture grada od paradigme klasične socijalne ekologije do paradigme održivog razvoja organizacije urbanog prostora. Posebno, naglašene su i analizirane socio-ekološke, ekonomske, sistemske i geografske teorije u istraživanju prostornih struktura gradova i na njima zasnovani modeli. Došlo se do zaključka da je prostorna struktura urbanih naselja rezultanta delovanja složenih dinamično- razvojnih i integracijskih procesa koji se odvijaju u mrežama i sistemima naselja na jednoj strani, i između njihovih unutrašnjih komponenata na drugoj. Svojom biti, grad nije statična tvorevina već je složen i dinamičan sistem u čijoj se strukturi odražava oblik organizacije ekonomskog, socijalnog i kulturnog života, adaptiran uslovima geografske sredine u kojoj egzistira.
PB  - Serbian Geographical Society
T2  - Glasnik Srpskog geografskog društva
T1  - Sustainable city spatial structure research: Quo vadis?
T1  - Istraživanja prostorne strukture održivog grada - quo vadis?
VL  - 88
IS  - 2
SP  - 36
EP  - 44
DO  - 10.2298/GSGD0802036T
UR  - Konv_188
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Tošić, Dragutin and Krunić, Nikola and Nevenić, Marija",
year = "2008",
abstract = "This article contributes, in the form of theoretical discussion, to the review of relevant methods for determination of city's spatial structure through the retrospective of continuity/discontinuity of understanding their spatial structure from the school of classical sociology to the sustainable development paradigm. Particularly, authors underline significance and analyze main theories and their models (social-ecology, economics, system science and geography) in the researching of spatial structure of the cities. They conclude that urban settlements spatial structure is resultant of complex dynamically-developing processes between settlements networks and systems on the one, and also between their internal components, on the other side. In their essence, cities are not statistical category, but complex and dynamical system whose structure reflects the relations between economic, social and cultural organization of life, adapted to the geographic environment., U radu su, u formi teorijske rasprave, dati prikazi relevantnih postupaka za determinisnje prostorne strukture gradova kroz retrospekt kontinuiteta - diskontinuiteta shvatanja prostorne strukture grada od paradigme klasične socijalne ekologije do paradigme održivog razvoja organizacije urbanog prostora. Posebno, naglašene su i analizirane socio-ekološke, ekonomske, sistemske i geografske teorije u istraživanju prostornih struktura gradova i na njima zasnovani modeli. Došlo se do zaključka da je prostorna struktura urbanih naselja rezultanta delovanja složenih dinamično- razvojnih i integracijskih procesa koji se odvijaju u mrežama i sistemima naselja na jednoj strani, i između njihovih unutrašnjih komponenata na drugoj. Svojom biti, grad nije statična tvorevina već je složen i dinamičan sistem u čijoj se strukturi odražava oblik organizacije ekonomskog, socijalnog i kulturnog života, adaptiran uslovima geografske sredine u kojoj egzistira.",
publisher = "Serbian Geographical Society",
journal = "Glasnik Srpskog geografskog društva",
title = "Sustainable city spatial structure research: Quo vadis?, Istraživanja prostorne strukture održivog grada - quo vadis?",
volume = "88",
number = "2",
pages = "36-44",
doi = "10.2298/GSGD0802036T",
url = "Konv_188"
}
Tošić, D., Krunić, N.,& Nevenić, M.. (2008). Sustainable city spatial structure research: Quo vadis?. in Glasnik Srpskog geografskog društva
Serbian Geographical Society., 88(2), 36-44.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GSGD0802036T
Konv_188
Tošić D, Krunić N, Nevenić M. Sustainable city spatial structure research: Quo vadis?. in Glasnik Srpskog geografskog društva. 2008;88(2):36-44.
doi:10.2298/GSGD0802036T
Konv_188 .
Tošić, Dragutin, Krunić, Nikola, Nevenić, Marija, "Sustainable city spatial structure research: Quo vadis?" in Glasnik Srpskog geografskog društva, 88, no. 2 (2008):36-44,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GSGD0802036T .,
Konv_188 .

Spatial structure of the city: From the social-ecology concept to the concept of sustainable development

Tošić, Dragutin; Krunić, Nikola

(Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of Serbia, 2007)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Tošić, Dragutin
AU  - Krunić, Nikola
PY  - 2007
UR  - https://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/128
AB  - This article contributes, in the form of theoretical discussion, to the review of relevant methods for determination of cities spatial structure through the retrospective of continuity/discontinuity of understanding their spatial structure from the school of classical sociology to the sustainable development paradigm. Particularly, authors underline significance and analyze main theories and their models (social-ecology, economics, system science and geography) in the researching of spatial structure of the cities. They conclude that urban settlements spatial structure is resultant of complex dynamically-developing processes between settlements networks and systems on the one, and also between their internal components, on the other side. In their essence, cities are not statical category, but complex and dynamical system whose structure reflects the relations between economic social and cultural organization of life, adapted to the geographic environment.
AB  - U radu su, u formi teorijske rasprave, dati prikazi relevantnih postupaka za determinisanje prostorne strukture gradova kroz retrospekt kontinuiteta diskontinuiteta shvatanja njihove prostorne strukture, od paradigme klasične socijalne ekologije, do paradigme održivog razvoja. Posebno su naglašene i analizirane socio-ekološke, ekonomske, sistemske i geografske teorije u istraživanju prostornih struktura gradova i na njima zasnovani modeli. Došlo se do zaključka da je prostorna struktura urbanih naselja rezultanta delovanja složenih dinamično-razvojnih i integracijskih procesa koji se odvijaju u mrežama i sistemima naselja na jednoj strani, te između njihovih unutrašnjih komponenata na drugoj. Svojom biti, grad nije statična tvorevina već je složen i dinamičan sistem u čijoj se strukturi odražava oblik organizacije ekonomskog, socijalnog i kulturnog života, adaptiran uslovima geografske sredine u kojoj egzistira.
PB  - Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of Serbia
T2  - Arhitektura i urbanizam
T1  - Spatial structure of the city: From the social-ecology concept to the concept of sustainable development
T1  - Prostorna struktura grada - od koncepta socijalne ekologije do koncepta održivog razvoja
IS  - 20-21
SP  - 83
EP  - 89
UR  - Konv_11
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Tošić, Dragutin and Krunić, Nikola",
year = "2007",
abstract = "This article contributes, in the form of theoretical discussion, to the review of relevant methods for determination of cities spatial structure through the retrospective of continuity/discontinuity of understanding their spatial structure from the school of classical sociology to the sustainable development paradigm. Particularly, authors underline significance and analyze main theories and their models (social-ecology, economics, system science and geography) in the researching of spatial structure of the cities. They conclude that urban settlements spatial structure is resultant of complex dynamically-developing processes between settlements networks and systems on the one, and also between their internal components, on the other side. In their essence, cities are not statical category, but complex and dynamical system whose structure reflects the relations between economic social and cultural organization of life, adapted to the geographic environment., U radu su, u formi teorijske rasprave, dati prikazi relevantnih postupaka za determinisanje prostorne strukture gradova kroz retrospekt kontinuiteta diskontinuiteta shvatanja njihove prostorne strukture, od paradigme klasične socijalne ekologije, do paradigme održivog razvoja. Posebno su naglašene i analizirane socio-ekološke, ekonomske, sistemske i geografske teorije u istraživanju prostornih struktura gradova i na njima zasnovani modeli. Došlo se do zaključka da je prostorna struktura urbanih naselja rezultanta delovanja složenih dinamično-razvojnih i integracijskih procesa koji se odvijaju u mrežama i sistemima naselja na jednoj strani, te između njihovih unutrašnjih komponenata na drugoj. Svojom biti, grad nije statična tvorevina već je složen i dinamičan sistem u čijoj se strukturi odražava oblik organizacije ekonomskog, socijalnog i kulturnog života, adaptiran uslovima geografske sredine u kojoj egzistira.",
publisher = "Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of Serbia",
journal = "Arhitektura i urbanizam",
title = "Spatial structure of the city: From the social-ecology concept to the concept of sustainable development, Prostorna struktura grada - od koncepta socijalne ekologije do koncepta održivog razvoja",
number = "20-21",
pages = "83-89",
url = "Konv_11"
}
Tošić, D.,& Krunić, N.. (2007). Spatial structure of the city: From the social-ecology concept to the concept of sustainable development. in Arhitektura i urbanizam
Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of Serbia.(20-21), 83-89.
Konv_11
Tošić D, Krunić N. Spatial structure of the city: From the social-ecology concept to the concept of sustainable development. in Arhitektura i urbanizam. 2007;(20-21):83-89.
Konv_11 .
Tošić, Dragutin, Krunić, Nikola, "Spatial structure of the city: From the social-ecology concept to the concept of sustainable development" in Arhitektura i urbanizam, no. 20-21 (2007):83-89,
Konv_11 .

Urban agglomerations in the function of regional integration of Serbia in South-Eastern Europe

Tošić, Dragutin; Krunić, Nikola

(Serbian Geographical Society, 2005)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Tošić, Dragutin
AU  - Krunić, Nikola
PY  - 2005
UR  - https://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/84
AB  - In this article is analyzed the importance of urban agglomerations in the regional organization of Serbian space at one side, and on the other side they are taken as carriers of the future integration of the Serbian urban system into the urban of the South-Eastern Europe (SEE). In the regional configuration of Serbia, more different forms of territorial impacts of urbanization, urban areas and urban regions. High level of urban centralization is formed under the influence of the population density and functions of the metropolitan area of Belgrade. The problems of unbalanced disposition of population growth and qualitative transformation of urban centers are stressed and analyzed. Based on the role in integration process in the SEE, the metropolitan region of Belgrade is pointed out as its principal carrier and the metropolitan region of Niš as its secondary carrier, as well as the urban centers of importance for the cross-border regional cooperation. As the most suitable instrument of internal regional integration the model of Functional Urban Regions (FURs) or Functional Urban Areas (FUAs) is proposed, and for external regional integration is proposed the model of Metropolitan European Growth Areas (MEGAs). The coherent short-term and long-term development strategies for Serbian towns and their regions seem absent.
AB  - U radu je analiziran značaj urbanih aglomeracija u regionalnoj organizaciji srpskog geoprostora na jednoj strani, a na drugoj one su posmatrane kao nosioci budućeg integrisanja srpskog urbanog sistema u urbanu mrežu Jugoistočne Evrope. U regionalnoj konfiguraciji Srbije, identifikovano je više različitih formi teritorijalnog ispoljavanja urbanizacije, urbanih areala i urbanih regija. Uočen je visok stepen urbane centralizacije formirane u uslovima koncentracije stanovništva i funkcija u beogradskoj metropolitanskoj regiji. Istaknuti su i analizirani problemi neravnomernog razmeštaja, demografskog rasta i kvalitativne transformacije urbanih centara. Na osnovu uloge u integracionim procesima u Jugoistočnoj Evropi izdvojeni su beogradski metropoliten kao njihov primarni nosilac metropoliten Niša - sekundarni nosilac i gradski centri nosioci transgraničnog regionalnog povezivanja. Za najpogodniji instrument unutrašnje regionalne integracije predložen je model nodalnih ili funkcionalno urbanih regija (FUR) tj funkcionalno urbanih areala (FUA), a spoljne, model razvojnih evrometropolitanskih regiona (MEGAs).Uočen je nedostatak koherentnih strategija srednjoročnih i dugoročnih razvoja srpskih gradova i njihovih regija.
PB  - Serbian Geographical Society
T2  - Glasnik Srpskog geografskog društva
T1  - Urban agglomerations in the function of regional integration of Serbia in South-Eastern Europe
T1  - Urbane aglomeracije u funkciji regionalne integracije Srbije i Jugoistočne Evrope
VL  - 85
IS  - 1
SP  - 137
EP  - 148
DO  - 10.2298/GSGD0501137T
UR  - Konv_187
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Tošić, Dragutin and Krunić, Nikola",
year = "2005",
abstract = "In this article is analyzed the importance of urban agglomerations in the regional organization of Serbian space at one side, and on the other side they are taken as carriers of the future integration of the Serbian urban system into the urban of the South-Eastern Europe (SEE). In the regional configuration of Serbia, more different forms of territorial impacts of urbanization, urban areas and urban regions. High level of urban centralization is formed under the influence of the population density and functions of the metropolitan area of Belgrade. The problems of unbalanced disposition of population growth and qualitative transformation of urban centers are stressed and analyzed. Based on the role in integration process in the SEE, the metropolitan region of Belgrade is pointed out as its principal carrier and the metropolitan region of Niš as its secondary carrier, as well as the urban centers of importance for the cross-border regional cooperation. As the most suitable instrument of internal regional integration the model of Functional Urban Regions (FURs) or Functional Urban Areas (FUAs) is proposed, and for external regional integration is proposed the model of Metropolitan European Growth Areas (MEGAs). The coherent short-term and long-term development strategies for Serbian towns and their regions seem absent., U radu je analiziran značaj urbanih aglomeracija u regionalnoj organizaciji srpskog geoprostora na jednoj strani, a na drugoj one su posmatrane kao nosioci budućeg integrisanja srpskog urbanog sistema u urbanu mrežu Jugoistočne Evrope. U regionalnoj konfiguraciji Srbije, identifikovano je više različitih formi teritorijalnog ispoljavanja urbanizacije, urbanih areala i urbanih regija. Uočen je visok stepen urbane centralizacije formirane u uslovima koncentracije stanovništva i funkcija u beogradskoj metropolitanskoj regiji. Istaknuti su i analizirani problemi neravnomernog razmeštaja, demografskog rasta i kvalitativne transformacije urbanih centara. Na osnovu uloge u integracionim procesima u Jugoistočnoj Evropi izdvojeni su beogradski metropoliten kao njihov primarni nosilac metropoliten Niša - sekundarni nosilac i gradski centri nosioci transgraničnog regionalnog povezivanja. Za najpogodniji instrument unutrašnje regionalne integracije predložen je model nodalnih ili funkcionalno urbanih regija (FUR) tj funkcionalno urbanih areala (FUA), a spoljne, model razvojnih evrometropolitanskih regiona (MEGAs).Uočen je nedostatak koherentnih strategija srednjoročnih i dugoročnih razvoja srpskih gradova i njihovih regija.",
publisher = "Serbian Geographical Society",
journal = "Glasnik Srpskog geografskog društva",
title = "Urban agglomerations in the function of regional integration of Serbia in South-Eastern Europe, Urbane aglomeracije u funkciji regionalne integracije Srbije i Jugoistočne Evrope",
volume = "85",
number = "1",
pages = "137-148",
doi = "10.2298/GSGD0501137T",
url = "Konv_187"
}
Tošić, D.,& Krunić, N.. (2005). Urban agglomerations in the function of regional integration of Serbia in South-Eastern Europe. in Glasnik Srpskog geografskog društva
Serbian Geographical Society., 85(1), 137-148.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GSGD0501137T
Konv_187
Tošić D, Krunić N. Urban agglomerations in the function of regional integration of Serbia in South-Eastern Europe. in Glasnik Srpskog geografskog društva. 2005;85(1):137-148.
doi:10.2298/GSGD0501137T
Konv_187 .
Tošić, Dragutin, Krunić, Nikola, "Urban agglomerations in the function of regional integration of Serbia in South-Eastern Europe" in Glasnik Srpskog geografskog društva, 85, no. 1 (2005):137-148,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GSGD0501137T .,
Konv_187 .
16