Petovar, Ksenija

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  • Petovar, Ksenija (11)
Projects

Author's Bibliography

Credibility of Legalization: Illegally constructed buildings in Serbia

Zeković, Slavka; Petovar, Ksenija

(Belgrade : Institute of Architecture and Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia, Belgrade, 2023)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Zeković, Slavka
AU  - Petovar, Ksenija
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/898
AB  - The paper analyses the credibility of the legalization policies regarding illegally constructed buildings (ICBs) in Serbia in the socialist and post-socialist periods. It introduces the conceptual framework of the credibility thesis concerning informal  institutions  in  an  empirical  examination  of  the  credibility  of  legalization  policy  measures  in  Serbia. The  analysis identifies the main causes of vast illegal construction, and the types and credibility of planning measures and legalization policies, using the Credibility thesis as a breakthrough in planning practice. The findings show the failure of planning and the non-credibility of legalization policies, as well as the survival of ICBs as an autonomous form of property rights.
PB  - Belgrade : Institute of Architecture and Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia, Belgrade
T1  - Credibility of Legalization: Illegally constructed buildings in Serbia
IS  - 49
SP  - 51
EP  - 63
DO  - 10.2298/SPAT220826006Z
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Zeković, Slavka and Petovar, Ksenija",
year = "2023",
abstract = "The paper analyses the credibility of the legalization policies regarding illegally constructed buildings (ICBs) in Serbia in the socialist and post-socialist periods. It introduces the conceptual framework of the credibility thesis concerning informal  institutions  in  an  empirical  examination  of  the  credibility  of  legalization  policy  measures  in  Serbia. The  analysis identifies the main causes of vast illegal construction, and the types and credibility of planning measures and legalization policies, using the Credibility thesis as a breakthrough in planning practice. The findings show the failure of planning and the non-credibility of legalization policies, as well as the survival of ICBs as an autonomous form of property rights.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Institute of Architecture and Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia, Belgrade",
title = "Credibility of Legalization: Illegally constructed buildings in Serbia",
number = "49",
pages = "51-63",
doi = "10.2298/SPAT220826006Z"
}
Zeković, S.,& Petovar, K.. (2023). Credibility of Legalization: Illegally constructed buildings in Serbia. 
Belgrade : Institute of Architecture and Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia, Belgrade.(49), 51-63.
https://doi.org/10.2298/SPAT220826006Z
Zeković S, Petovar K. Credibility of Legalization: Illegally constructed buildings in Serbia. 2023;(49):51-63.
doi:10.2298/SPAT220826006Z .
Zeković, Slavka, Petovar, Ksenija, "Credibility of Legalization: Illegally constructed buildings in Serbia", no. 49 (2023):51-63,
https://doi.org/10.2298/SPAT220826006Z . .

The credibility of illegal and informal construction: Assessing legalization policies in Serbia

Zeković, Slavka; Petovar, Ksenija; Bin Md Saman, Nor-Hisham

(Elsevier, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Zeković, Slavka
AU  - Petovar, Ksenija
AU  - Bin Md Saman, Nor-Hisham
PY  - 2020
UR  - https://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/563
AB  - This paper explores the legalization of mass illegal and informal construction (IIC) in Serbia (with particular reference to the city of Belgrade). It analyzes the credibility of the socialist and post-socialist institutional frameworks on IIC predicated upon the “credibility thesis” – an evolutionary understanding of institutions and their path-dependent development. In the empirical analysis, the measures of state policies were interpreted, assessed, and summarized in accordance with the Credibility Scales and Intervention (CSI) checklist. During the 1960s, a restrictive urban policy and the impossibility of the socialist model to provide affordable residential space due to fast urbanization, IIC consequently became an alternative method for meeting housing needs. In the 1990s, the socialist development model was transformed into one that was post-socialist. A new wave of IIC ensued due to the privatization of land-use and tenancy rights, and its vast scale has been a key driver for accommodating flows of immigrants after the break-up of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. During this period, the Serbian State stimulated policies that are more credible to facilitate, formalize, and condone IIC. It is concluded that IIC in Serbia cannot be fully averted while legalization policies have, to date, been unsuccessful and non-credible.
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Cities
T1  - The credibility of illegal and informal construction: Assessing legalization policies in Serbia
IS  - 97
SP  - 1
EP  - 12
DO  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2019.102548
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Zeković, Slavka and Petovar, Ksenija and Bin Md Saman, Nor-Hisham",
year = "2020",
abstract = "This paper explores the legalization of mass illegal and informal construction (IIC) in Serbia (with particular reference to the city of Belgrade). It analyzes the credibility of the socialist and post-socialist institutional frameworks on IIC predicated upon the “credibility thesis” – an evolutionary understanding of institutions and their path-dependent development. In the empirical analysis, the measures of state policies were interpreted, assessed, and summarized in accordance with the Credibility Scales and Intervention (CSI) checklist. During the 1960s, a restrictive urban policy and the impossibility of the socialist model to provide affordable residential space due to fast urbanization, IIC consequently became an alternative method for meeting housing needs. In the 1990s, the socialist development model was transformed into one that was post-socialist. A new wave of IIC ensued due to the privatization of land-use and tenancy rights, and its vast scale has been a key driver for accommodating flows of immigrants after the break-up of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. During this period, the Serbian State stimulated policies that are more credible to facilitate, formalize, and condone IIC. It is concluded that IIC in Serbia cannot be fully averted while legalization policies have, to date, been unsuccessful and non-credible.",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Cities",
title = "The credibility of illegal and informal construction: Assessing legalization policies in Serbia",
number = "97",
pages = "1-12",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2019.102548"
}
Zeković, S., Petovar, K.,& Bin Md Saman, N.. (2020). The credibility of illegal and informal construction: Assessing legalization policies in Serbia. in Cities
Elsevier.(97), 1-12.
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2019.102548
Zeković S, Petovar K, Bin Md Saman N. The credibility of illegal and informal construction: Assessing legalization policies in Serbia. in Cities. 2020;(97):1-12.
doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2019.102548 .
Zeković, Slavka, Petovar, Ksenija, Bin Md Saman, Nor-Hisham, "The credibility of illegal and informal construction: Assessing legalization policies in Serbia" in Cities, no. 97 (2020):1-12,
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2019.102548 . .

Human capital and its spatial distribution as limiting factors for the balanced development of Serbia

Jokić, Vesna; Dželebdžić, Omiljena; Petovar, Ksenija

(Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia, 2015)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Jokić, Vesna
AU  - Dželebdžić, Omiljena
AU  - Petovar, Ksenija
PY  - 2015
UR  - https://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/258
AB  - Human capital is one of the key factors of economic and social development. Namely, the growth potential of a territory is largely dependent on human capital that is, on citizen's creative potential and especially on their education. Society with a better endowment of human capital has a greater development potential. The subject of this paper is Serbia's human capital seen from the point of view of workforce education structure (20-64 age group). In this paper we present spatial distribution of workforce, i.e. the differences in workforce education levels and polarization of Serbian territory in terms of human capital pool. The result is a typology of municipalities in Serbia based on calculated values of average completed education level-the EMN index. Mapping of the corresponding values was done at the municipality level in order to get a clear distinction and a more accurate picture of spatial disparities in human resources.
PB  - Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia
T2  - Spatium
T1  - Human capital and its spatial distribution as limiting factors for the balanced development of Serbia
VL  - 1
IS  - 34
SP  - 46
EP  - 55
DO  - 10.2298/SPAT1534046J
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Jokić, Vesna and Dželebdžić, Omiljena and Petovar, Ksenija",
year = "2015",
abstract = "Human capital is one of the key factors of economic and social development. Namely, the growth potential of a territory is largely dependent on human capital that is, on citizen's creative potential and especially on their education. Society with a better endowment of human capital has a greater development potential. The subject of this paper is Serbia's human capital seen from the point of view of workforce education structure (20-64 age group). In this paper we present spatial distribution of workforce, i.e. the differences in workforce education levels and polarization of Serbian territory in terms of human capital pool. The result is a typology of municipalities in Serbia based on calculated values of average completed education level-the EMN index. Mapping of the corresponding values was done at the municipality level in order to get a clear distinction and a more accurate picture of spatial disparities in human resources.",
publisher = "Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia",
journal = "Spatium",
title = "Human capital and its spatial distribution as limiting factors for the balanced development of Serbia",
volume = "1",
number = "34",
pages = "46-55",
doi = "10.2298/SPAT1534046J"
}
Jokić, V., Dželebdžić, O.,& Petovar, K.. (2015). Human capital and its spatial distribution as limiting factors for the balanced development of Serbia. in Spatium
Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia., 1(34), 46-55.
https://doi.org/10.2298/SPAT1534046J
Jokić V, Dželebdžić O, Petovar K. Human capital and its spatial distribution as limiting factors for the balanced development of Serbia. in Spatium. 2015;1(34):46-55.
doi:10.2298/SPAT1534046J .
Jokić, Vesna, Dželebdžić, Omiljena, Petovar, Ksenija, "Human capital and its spatial distribution as limiting factors for the balanced development of Serbia" in Spatium, 1, no. 34 (2015):46-55,
https://doi.org/10.2298/SPAT1534046J . .
2
1

Teritorijalna/prostorna dimenzija socijalne isključenosti

Jokić, Vesna; Petovar, Ksenija

(Beograd : Institut za arhitekturu i urbanizam Srbije, 2011)

TY  - CHAP
AU  - Jokić, Vesna
AU  - Petovar, Ksenija
PY  - 2011
UR  - http://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/734
AB  - Apstrakt: Tema socijalnog razvoja u poslednjoj deceniji 20. veka postaje sve aktuelnija. Naime, opšteprihvacena formula intenzivnog ekonomskog rasta koji će po automatizmu obezbedivati socijalno blagostanje, prouzrokovala je brojne negativne posledice. Povecanje ekonomskih i socijalnih nejednakosti, redukcija socijalnih prava kao i opadanje kvaliteta socijalnih usluga dovelo je znacajan broj gradana u zamku siromaštva I iskljucenosti iz opštih društvenih tokova. Jaz izmedu bogatih i siromašnih širi se i produbljuje, povecava se razlika izmedu gradskih i seoskih podrucja, izmedu i unutar regija, govori se o društvu s dve brzine (two-speed society). U takvim okolnostima, tema socijalnog razvoja sve više se stavlja na dnevni red. Socijalni razvoj se s razlogom definiše kao integralni faktor održivog ekonomskog razvoja. Bez socijalnog razvoja nije moguce jacati socijalnu koheziju koja je postavljena kao jedan od strateških ciljeva i koa temelj stabilnog razvoja evropskog društva. Jedan od pristupa u unaparedenju socijalnog razvoja je borba protiv siromaštva i socijalne iskljucenosti, odnosno jacanje procesa socijalne ukljucenosti, koji su prihvaceni kao kljucni element daljeg razvoja evropskog socijalnog modela. 
Prostorna distribucija indikatora socijalne iskljucenosti pokazuje da je dostupnost usluga od javnog interesa jedan od osnovnih činilaca društvene nejednakosti i generiranja obima socijalne iskljucenosti.
AB  - Abstract: Theme of social development in the last decade of the 20th century is becoming increasingly topical. The generally accepted formula of intensive economic growth that will automatically provide social welfare, has caused many negative consequences. Increasing economic and social inequality, reduction of social rights, as well as the decline in the quality of social services has resulted in a significant number of people in poverty and exclusion from the general social trends. The gap between rich and poor is wider and deeper, increasing the difference between urban and rural areas, between and within regions, discusses a two-speed society. In such circumstances, the theme of social development is increasingly placed on the agenda. Social development is rightly defined as an integral factor in sustainable economic development. Without social development is not possible to strengthen the social cohesion that is set as one of the strategic objectives and the basis of stable development of European society. One approach to its improvement in social development is the struggle against poverty and social exclusion and strengthening social inclusion process, which were accepted as a key element for further development of the European social model.
Spatial distribution of indicators of social exclusion shows that the availability of services of public interest is one of the main factors of social inequality and generating volume social exclusion.
PB  - Beograd : Institut za arhitekturu i urbanizam Srbije
T2  - Održivi prostorni razvoj Podunavlja u Srbiji - Knjiga 1
T1  - Teritorijalna/prostorna dimenzija socijalne isključenosti
T1  - Territory/Spatial Dimension of Social Exclusion
IS  - 68
SP  - 127
EP  - 149
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_734
ER  - 
@inbook{
author = "Jokić, Vesna and Petovar, Ksenija",
year = "2011",
abstract = "Apstrakt: Tema socijalnog razvoja u poslednjoj deceniji 20. veka postaje sve aktuelnija. Naime, opšteprihvacena formula intenzivnog ekonomskog rasta koji će po automatizmu obezbedivati socijalno blagostanje, prouzrokovala je brojne negativne posledice. Povecanje ekonomskih i socijalnih nejednakosti, redukcija socijalnih prava kao i opadanje kvaliteta socijalnih usluga dovelo je znacajan broj gradana u zamku siromaštva I iskljucenosti iz opštih društvenih tokova. Jaz izmedu bogatih i siromašnih širi se i produbljuje, povecava se razlika izmedu gradskih i seoskih podrucja, izmedu i unutar regija, govori se o društvu s dve brzine (two-speed society). U takvim okolnostima, tema socijalnog razvoja sve više se stavlja na dnevni red. Socijalni razvoj se s razlogom definiše kao integralni faktor održivog ekonomskog razvoja. Bez socijalnog razvoja nije moguce jacati socijalnu koheziju koja je postavljena kao jedan od strateških ciljeva i koa temelj stabilnog razvoja evropskog društva. Jedan od pristupa u unaparedenju socijalnog razvoja je borba protiv siromaštva i socijalne iskljucenosti, odnosno jacanje procesa socijalne ukljucenosti, koji su prihvaceni kao kljucni element daljeg razvoja evropskog socijalnog modela. 
Prostorna distribucija indikatora socijalne iskljucenosti pokazuje da je dostupnost usluga od javnog interesa jedan od osnovnih činilaca društvene nejednakosti i generiranja obima socijalne iskljucenosti., Abstract: Theme of social development in the last decade of the 20th century is becoming increasingly topical. The generally accepted formula of intensive economic growth that will automatically provide social welfare, has caused many negative consequences. Increasing economic and social inequality, reduction of social rights, as well as the decline in the quality of social services has resulted in a significant number of people in poverty and exclusion from the general social trends. The gap between rich and poor is wider and deeper, increasing the difference between urban and rural areas, between and within regions, discusses a two-speed society. In such circumstances, the theme of social development is increasingly placed on the agenda. Social development is rightly defined as an integral factor in sustainable economic development. Without social development is not possible to strengthen the social cohesion that is set as one of the strategic objectives and the basis of stable development of European society. One approach to its improvement in social development is the struggle against poverty and social exclusion and strengthening social inclusion process, which were accepted as a key element for further development of the European social model.
Spatial distribution of indicators of social exclusion shows that the availability of services of public interest is one of the main factors of social inequality and generating volume social exclusion.",
publisher = "Beograd : Institut za arhitekturu i urbanizam Srbije",
journal = "Održivi prostorni razvoj Podunavlja u Srbiji - Knjiga 1",
booktitle = "Teritorijalna/prostorna dimenzija socijalne isključenosti, Territory/Spatial Dimension of Social Exclusion",
number = "68",
pages = "127-149",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_734"
}
Jokić, V.,& Petovar, K.. (2011). Teritorijalna/prostorna dimenzija socijalne isključenosti. in Održivi prostorni razvoj Podunavlja u Srbiji - Knjiga 1
Beograd : Institut za arhitekturu i urbanizam Srbije.(68), 127-149.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_734
Jokić V, Petovar K. Teritorijalna/prostorna dimenzija socijalne isključenosti. in Održivi prostorni razvoj Podunavlja u Srbiji - Knjiga 1. 2011;(68):127-149.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_734 .
Jokić, Vesna, Petovar, Ksenija, "Teritorijalna/prostorna dimenzija socijalne isključenosti" in Održivi prostorni razvoj Podunavlja u Srbiji - Knjiga 1, no. 68 (2011):127-149,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_734 .

The right of servitude between public interest and undisturbed use of private property

Petovar, Ksenija; Jokić, Vesna

(Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia, 2011)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Petovar, Ksenija
AU  - Jokić, Vesna
PY  - 2011
UR  - https://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/205
AB  - For obtaining the land in order to build the magistral pipeline a specific form of land expropriation is applied, namely the Right of servitude. The Right of servitude can be realized on the basis of established public interest, which can be defined according to the spatial plan of the relevant area. The Right of servitude is analyzed from the point of its influence on the respect of basic human rights of property owners to enjoy their property in safety and without disturbance. Current legal framework in Serbia that regulates procedures for acquiring land for the purpose of public interest allows for breach of private property rights. There is a mutual inconsistency between a number of decrees that regulate property rights for large infrastructural development projects. A specific, and possibly a greater problem, is the status of the local population, the land owner and other real estate. It concerns their awareness of their private and individual rights, as well as technical and other legal standards, which must be applied during the preparation, construction and working stages of an energy facility. Applying the Right of servitude as a way to acquire land for construction of the Pipeline, there is direct breach of the basic human right as stated in the first Protocol of the European Convention on Human Rights, namely that 'every natural or legal person is entitled to the peaceful enjoyment of his possessions' (Article 1, Protocol 1). The Right of servitude allows the investor to use 'public interest' as a way of gaining access to another's land, and under better financial conditions than if he were to apply permanent expropriation. While the owner retains his/her ownership of the land, inconvenienced by numerous limitations of its use, usability and market value of the land becomes substantially reduced.
PB  - Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia
T2  - Spatium
T1  - The right of servitude between public interest and undisturbed use of private property
IS  - 26
SP  - 7
EP  - 13
DO  - 10.2298/SPAT1126007P
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Petovar, Ksenija and Jokić, Vesna",
year = "2011",
abstract = "For obtaining the land in order to build the magistral pipeline a specific form of land expropriation is applied, namely the Right of servitude. The Right of servitude can be realized on the basis of established public interest, which can be defined according to the spatial plan of the relevant area. The Right of servitude is analyzed from the point of its influence on the respect of basic human rights of property owners to enjoy their property in safety and without disturbance. Current legal framework in Serbia that regulates procedures for acquiring land for the purpose of public interest allows for breach of private property rights. There is a mutual inconsistency between a number of decrees that regulate property rights for large infrastructural development projects. A specific, and possibly a greater problem, is the status of the local population, the land owner and other real estate. It concerns their awareness of their private and individual rights, as well as technical and other legal standards, which must be applied during the preparation, construction and working stages of an energy facility. Applying the Right of servitude as a way to acquire land for construction of the Pipeline, there is direct breach of the basic human right as stated in the first Protocol of the European Convention on Human Rights, namely that 'every natural or legal person is entitled to the peaceful enjoyment of his possessions' (Article 1, Protocol 1). The Right of servitude allows the investor to use 'public interest' as a way of gaining access to another's land, and under better financial conditions than if he were to apply permanent expropriation. While the owner retains his/her ownership of the land, inconvenienced by numerous limitations of its use, usability and market value of the land becomes substantially reduced.",
publisher = "Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia",
journal = "Spatium",
title = "The right of servitude between public interest and undisturbed use of private property",
number = "26",
pages = "7-13",
doi = "10.2298/SPAT1126007P"
}
Petovar, K.,& Jokić, V.. (2011). The right of servitude between public interest and undisturbed use of private property. in Spatium
Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia.(26), 7-13.
https://doi.org/10.2298/SPAT1126007P
Petovar K, Jokić V. The right of servitude between public interest and undisturbed use of private property. in Spatium. 2011;(26):7-13.
doi:10.2298/SPAT1126007P .
Petovar, Ksenija, Jokić, Vesna, "The right of servitude between public interest and undisturbed use of private property" in Spatium, no. 26 (2011):7-13,
https://doi.org/10.2298/SPAT1126007P . .
6
9

Procena uticaja na socijalni razvoj u projektima otvaranja i širenja površinskih kopova

Jokić, Vesna; Petovar, Ksenija

(Beograd : Institut za arhitekturu i urbanizam Srbije, 2010)

TY  - CHAP
AU  - Jokić, Vesna
AU  - Petovar, Ksenija
PY  - 2010
UR  - http://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/773
AB  - Abstract: There are numerous definitions and interpretations of what is the purpose and subject of SIA (Social Impact Assessment). A number of common determinants occur in various definitions. SIA examines the social changes that are likely to arise as a direct or indirect result of planned interventions (plans, programs, policies). In fact, SIA is a process aimed at understanding, managing and controlling the changes. The initiation of SIA application is linked to development of economic and infrastructural systems, i.e. zones in which intensive changes in social space have taken the place. There is an increased interest in SIA, and it has been applied not only in development of certain activities (large economic systems, construction of public facilities, etc.), but even more so in the implementation of programs and policies. SIA is generally associated with the five types of changes: • Demographic • Economic • Health and welfare • Environmental • Institutional changes. SIA has become a binding activity in the World Bank funded projects. In Serbia, neither the current Law on planning and construction nor the Law on expropriation would require the preparation of SIA.
During development of several spatial plans in Serbia for the areas in which the population and village displacement has been planned, only the segments of SEA methodology as it is commonly performed have been included in the analyses and programs.
The paper will show SIA development, framework and principles, as well as some results of its application in the projects of mining activity – for surface exploitation of raw mineral resources.
PB  - Beograd : Institut za arhitekturu i urbanizam Srbije
T2  - Prostroni, socijalni i ekološki aspekti održivofg razvoja u velikim ugljenim basenima
T1  - Procena uticaja na socijalni razvoj u projektima otvaranja i širenja površinskih kopova
T1  - Social Impact Assessment in the Projects for Opening and Expansion of Surface Mines
IS  - 61
SP  - 69
EP  - 84
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_773
ER  - 
@inbook{
author = "Jokić, Vesna and Petovar, Ksenija",
year = "2010",
abstract = "Abstract: There are numerous definitions and interpretations of what is the purpose and subject of SIA (Social Impact Assessment). A number of common determinants occur in various definitions. SIA examines the social changes that are likely to arise as a direct or indirect result of planned interventions (plans, programs, policies). In fact, SIA is a process aimed at understanding, managing and controlling the changes. The initiation of SIA application is linked to development of economic and infrastructural systems, i.e. zones in which intensive changes in social space have taken the place. There is an increased interest in SIA, and it has been applied not only in development of certain activities (large economic systems, construction of public facilities, etc.), but even more so in the implementation of programs and policies. SIA is generally associated with the five types of changes: • Demographic • Economic • Health and welfare • Environmental • Institutional changes. SIA has become a binding activity in the World Bank funded projects. In Serbia, neither the current Law on planning and construction nor the Law on expropriation would require the preparation of SIA.
During development of several spatial plans in Serbia for the areas in which the population and village displacement has been planned, only the segments of SEA methodology as it is commonly performed have been included in the analyses and programs.
The paper will show SIA development, framework and principles, as well as some results of its application in the projects of mining activity – for surface exploitation of raw mineral resources.",
publisher = "Beograd : Institut za arhitekturu i urbanizam Srbije",
journal = "Prostroni, socijalni i ekološki aspekti održivofg razvoja u velikim ugljenim basenima",
booktitle = "Procena uticaja na socijalni razvoj u projektima otvaranja i širenja površinskih kopova, Social Impact Assessment in the Projects for Opening and Expansion of Surface Mines",
number = "61",
pages = "69-84",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_773"
}
Jokić, V.,& Petovar, K.. (2010). Procena uticaja na socijalni razvoj u projektima otvaranja i širenja površinskih kopova. in Prostroni, socijalni i ekološki aspekti održivofg razvoja u velikim ugljenim basenima
Beograd : Institut za arhitekturu i urbanizam Srbije.(61), 69-84.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_773
Jokić V, Petovar K. Procena uticaja na socijalni razvoj u projektima otvaranja i širenja površinskih kopova. in Prostroni, socijalni i ekološki aspekti održivofg razvoja u velikim ugljenim basenima. 2010;(61):69-84.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_773 .
Jokić, Vesna, Petovar, Ksenija, "Procena uticaja na socijalni razvoj u projektima otvaranja i širenja površinskih kopova" in Prostroni, socijalni i ekološki aspekti održivofg razvoja u velikim ugljenim basenima, no. 61 (2010):69-84,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_773 .

Potentials and limitations of spatial and demographic development in Kosovo-Metohija lignite basin

Spasić, Nenad; Petovar, Ksenija; Jokić, Vesna

(Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia, 2009)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Spasić, Nenad
AU  - Petovar, Ksenija
AU  - Jokić, Vesna
PY  - 2009
UR  - https://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/152
AB  - The initial research carried out for the purpose of elaborating the Spatial Plan for Kosovo-Metohija Lignite Basin indicated the need to address numerous conflicts and opposing interests in the area concerned. This required the Plan to focus on harmonizing the economic, social and spatial aspects of developing a mining-energy-industrial system (hereinafter MEIS) and its surroundings, devising the new ways for the protection of local population interests and use of novel approaches in dealing with the environmental consequences of lignite exploitation and processing. The area wherein Kosovo-Metohija lignite deposits are found is replete with diverse conflicting interests, including insufficient and uneven development, extremely large overall and especially agrarian population density (among the highest in Europe), unemployment and a sizable portion of the grey economy, low level and quality of services of public interest, ethnic conflicts and polarization, etc. The environmental effects of MEIS activities in a situation of this kind were revealed by the early stages of research in all segments of economic, social and spatial development, along with a high degree of environmental degradation. The main conflict in the Plan area is the one between mining and agriculture, i.e. open pit lignite mining and high-fertility soil covering lignite deposits. The conflict is additionally aggravated by the remarkable density of agricultural population on this territory and high selling prices of the land. Therefore, a substantial part of the Plan's propositions was related to the conditions of settlement and infrastructure relocation, population resettlement and measures to relieve the tensions and prevent the outbreak of potential conflicts in implementing the Plan. The Spatial Plan is conceived as a complex and comprehensive document defining the framework, basic principles, starting points and measures tackling the numerous development conflicts, spatial, social and ecological limitations, including the relevant analytical and data bases deriving from field research and surveys. Despite the fact that under the UN SC Resolution 1244, the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija has been under the jurisdiction of the United Nations since June 1999, we believe that the Draft of the Spatial Plan and the research work done for its purpose are still valid, since to this date there have been no attempts to start the formation of new open pits in Kosovo lignite basin.
PB  - Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia
T2  - Spatium
T1  - Potentials and limitations of spatial and demographic development in Kosovo-Metohija lignite basin
IS  - 19
SP  - 30
EP  - 50
DO  - 10.2298/SPAT0919030S
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Spasić, Nenad and Petovar, Ksenija and Jokić, Vesna",
year = "2009",
abstract = "The initial research carried out for the purpose of elaborating the Spatial Plan for Kosovo-Metohija Lignite Basin indicated the need to address numerous conflicts and opposing interests in the area concerned. This required the Plan to focus on harmonizing the economic, social and spatial aspects of developing a mining-energy-industrial system (hereinafter MEIS) and its surroundings, devising the new ways for the protection of local population interests and use of novel approaches in dealing with the environmental consequences of lignite exploitation and processing. The area wherein Kosovo-Metohija lignite deposits are found is replete with diverse conflicting interests, including insufficient and uneven development, extremely large overall and especially agrarian population density (among the highest in Europe), unemployment and a sizable portion of the grey economy, low level and quality of services of public interest, ethnic conflicts and polarization, etc. The environmental effects of MEIS activities in a situation of this kind were revealed by the early stages of research in all segments of economic, social and spatial development, along with a high degree of environmental degradation. The main conflict in the Plan area is the one between mining and agriculture, i.e. open pit lignite mining and high-fertility soil covering lignite deposits. The conflict is additionally aggravated by the remarkable density of agricultural population on this territory and high selling prices of the land. Therefore, a substantial part of the Plan's propositions was related to the conditions of settlement and infrastructure relocation, population resettlement and measures to relieve the tensions and prevent the outbreak of potential conflicts in implementing the Plan. The Spatial Plan is conceived as a complex and comprehensive document defining the framework, basic principles, starting points and measures tackling the numerous development conflicts, spatial, social and ecological limitations, including the relevant analytical and data bases deriving from field research and surveys. Despite the fact that under the UN SC Resolution 1244, the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija has been under the jurisdiction of the United Nations since June 1999, we believe that the Draft of the Spatial Plan and the research work done for its purpose are still valid, since to this date there have been no attempts to start the formation of new open pits in Kosovo lignite basin.",
publisher = "Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia",
journal = "Spatium",
title = "Potentials and limitations of spatial and demographic development in Kosovo-Metohija lignite basin",
number = "19",
pages = "30-50",
doi = "10.2298/SPAT0919030S"
}
Spasić, N., Petovar, K.,& Jokić, V.. (2009). Potentials and limitations of spatial and demographic development in Kosovo-Metohija lignite basin. in Spatium
Institute of Architecture, Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia.(19), 30-50.
https://doi.org/10.2298/SPAT0919030S
Spasić N, Petovar K, Jokić V. Potentials and limitations of spatial and demographic development in Kosovo-Metohija lignite basin. in Spatium. 2009;(19):30-50.
doi:10.2298/SPAT0919030S .
Spasić, Nenad, Petovar, Ksenija, Jokić, Vesna, "Potentials and limitations of spatial and demographic development in Kosovo-Metohija lignite basin" in Spatium, no. 19 (2009):30-50,
https://doi.org/10.2298/SPAT0919030S . .
2

Blagojević Ljiljana: Novi Beograd - osporeni modernizam, Zavod za udžbenike, 2007

Petovar, Ksenija

(Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of Serbia, 2009)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Petovar, Ksenija
PY  - 2009
UR  - https://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/155
PB  - Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of Serbia
T2  - Arhitektura i urbanizam
T1  - Blagojević Ljiljana: Novi Beograd - osporeni modernizam, Zavod za udžbenike, 2007
IS  - 24-25
SP  - 135
EP  - 137
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_155
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Petovar, Ksenija",
year = "2009",
publisher = "Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of Serbia",
journal = "Arhitektura i urbanizam",
title = "Blagojević Ljiljana: Novi Beograd - osporeni modernizam, Zavod za udžbenike, 2007",
number = "24-25",
pages = "135-137",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_155"
}
Petovar, K.. (2009). Blagojević Ljiljana: Novi Beograd - osporeni modernizam, Zavod za udžbenike, 2007. in Arhitektura i urbanizam
Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of Serbia.(24-25), 135-137.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_155
Petovar K. Blagojević Ljiljana: Novi Beograd - osporeni modernizam, Zavod za udžbenike, 2007. in Arhitektura i urbanizam. 2009;(24-25):135-137.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_155 .
Petovar, Ksenija, "Blagojević Ljiljana: Novi Beograd - osporeni modernizam, Zavod za udžbenike, 2007" in Arhitektura i urbanizam, no. 24-25 (2009):135-137,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_155 .

Social exclusion and education

Jokić, Vesna; Petovar, Ksenija

(Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of Serbia, 2009)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Jokić, Vesna
AU  - Petovar, Ksenija
PY  - 2009
UR  - https://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/147
AB  - Social exclusion is a process whereby certain individuals are pushed to the edge of society and prevented from participating fully by virtue of their poverty, or lack of basic competencies and lifelong learning opportunities or as a result of discrimination. This distances them from job, income and education opportunities as well as social and community networks and activities. Quality education (conditions and access/accessibility/availability) is one of the factors that significantly influence the reduced social exclusion. In other words, education has is key role key role in ensuring social inclusion (equal opportunities and active social participation). At the same time, education and lifelong learning is established as the basis for achieving the goals of sustainable economic development (economy based on knowledge) and to achieve social cohesion. Quality education is a prerequisite for progress, development and well-being of the community. Conditions and accessibility to education have become priorities of national reforms in most European countries. The subject of this paper is the educational structure of population of Serbia and the accessibility of education. The analysis covers the educational structure with regard to age, gender and type of settlement (city and other/villages settlements).
AB  - Socijalna isključenost je proces u kojem su određeni pojedinci ili grupe gurnute na ivicu društva i sprečeni da u potpunosti učestvuju u društvu, što je posledica njihovog siromaštva, nedostatka osnovne stručnosti (neadekvatnog obrazovanja) i mogućnosti doživotnog učenja, ili je rezultat diskriminacije. Ovo ih udaljava od zaposlenja, prihoda i mogućnosti obrazovanja, kao i od socijalnih mreža i aktivnosti u društvu i zajednici. Kvalitetno obrazovanje (uslovi i pristup/dostupnost) predstavlja jedan od faktora koji značajno utiče na smanjene socijalne isključenosti. Drugim rečima, obrazovanje ima ključnu ulogu u osiguravanju socijalne uključenosti (jednake mogućnosti i aktivno učestvovanje u društvu). Istovremeno, obrazovanje i doživotno učenje je ustanovljeno kao temelj za ostvarivanje ciljeva održivog ekonomskog razvoja (ekonomija zasnovana na znanju) i postizanja socijalne kohezije. Kvalitetno obrazovanje je preduslov za napredovanje, razvoj i blagostanje zajednice. Uslovi i dostupnost obrazovanju postali su prioriteti nacionalnih reformi u većini evropskih zemalja. Predmet ovog rada je obrazovna struktura stanovništva Srbije i dostupnost obrazovanja. Obrazovna struktura je analizirana s obzirom na starost, pol i tip naselja (gradska i ostala/seoska naselja).
PB  - Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of Serbia
T2  - Arhitektura i urbanizam
T1  - Social exclusion and education
T1  - Socijalna isključenost i obrazovanje
IS  - 27
SP  - 46
EP  - 56
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_147
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Jokić, Vesna and Petovar, Ksenija",
year = "2009",
abstract = "Social exclusion is a process whereby certain individuals are pushed to the edge of society and prevented from participating fully by virtue of their poverty, or lack of basic competencies and lifelong learning opportunities or as a result of discrimination. This distances them from job, income and education opportunities as well as social and community networks and activities. Quality education (conditions and access/accessibility/availability) is one of the factors that significantly influence the reduced social exclusion. In other words, education has is key role key role in ensuring social inclusion (equal opportunities and active social participation). At the same time, education and lifelong learning is established as the basis for achieving the goals of sustainable economic development (economy based on knowledge) and to achieve social cohesion. Quality education is a prerequisite for progress, development and well-being of the community. Conditions and accessibility to education have become priorities of national reforms in most European countries. The subject of this paper is the educational structure of population of Serbia and the accessibility of education. The analysis covers the educational structure with regard to age, gender and type of settlement (city and other/villages settlements)., Socijalna isključenost je proces u kojem su određeni pojedinci ili grupe gurnute na ivicu društva i sprečeni da u potpunosti učestvuju u društvu, što je posledica njihovog siromaštva, nedostatka osnovne stručnosti (neadekvatnog obrazovanja) i mogućnosti doživotnog učenja, ili je rezultat diskriminacije. Ovo ih udaljava od zaposlenja, prihoda i mogućnosti obrazovanja, kao i od socijalnih mreža i aktivnosti u društvu i zajednici. Kvalitetno obrazovanje (uslovi i pristup/dostupnost) predstavlja jedan od faktora koji značajno utiče na smanjene socijalne isključenosti. Drugim rečima, obrazovanje ima ključnu ulogu u osiguravanju socijalne uključenosti (jednake mogućnosti i aktivno učestvovanje u društvu). Istovremeno, obrazovanje i doživotno učenje je ustanovljeno kao temelj za ostvarivanje ciljeva održivog ekonomskog razvoja (ekonomija zasnovana na znanju) i postizanja socijalne kohezije. Kvalitetno obrazovanje je preduslov za napredovanje, razvoj i blagostanje zajednice. Uslovi i dostupnost obrazovanju postali su prioriteti nacionalnih reformi u većini evropskih zemalja. Predmet ovog rada je obrazovna struktura stanovništva Srbije i dostupnost obrazovanja. Obrazovna struktura je analizirana s obzirom na starost, pol i tip naselja (gradska i ostala/seoska naselja).",
publisher = "Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of Serbia",
journal = "Arhitektura i urbanizam",
title = "Social exclusion and education, Socijalna isključenost i obrazovanje",
number = "27",
pages = "46-56",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_147"
}
Jokić, V.,& Petovar, K.. (2009). Social exclusion and education. in Arhitektura i urbanizam
Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of Serbia.(27), 46-56.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_147
Jokić V, Petovar K. Social exclusion and education. in Arhitektura i urbanizam. 2009;(27):46-56.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_147 .
Jokić, Vesna, Petovar, Ksenija, "Social exclusion and education" in Arhitektura i urbanizam, no. 27 (2009):46-56,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_147 .

Public interest vs. strategies of individual actors in urban and spatial planning

Vujošević, Miodrag; Petovar, Ksenija

(Sociološko udruženje Srbije i Crne Gore, Beograd, 2006)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Vujošević, Miodrag
AU  - Petovar, Ksenija
PY  - 2006
UR  - https://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/94
AB  - Here a preliminary hypothesis is used, viz., that the concept of "postsocialist" public interests is disputed in each and every aspect, implicating that a new theoretical and heuristic framework is needed for urban planning. This framework ought to be developed in a way to render it acceptable as a common denominator for the majority of urban actors, on the one hand, and to help balance individual (partial) and collective interests in the preparation and implementation of planning decisions at various planning levels, on the other. Under the current conditions of transition, there are very few elements that could in advance and with certainty be ascertained of public or general interest. The quality and societal relevance of planning decisions would basically depend on the quality of planning communication and interaction, also being relevant for the developing of a public interest. In the contribution, it is particularly emphasized that, following the collapse of the former ("socialist") public interests, the very legitimacy of planning is endangered as well. We direct attention to a number of new approaches, with a view to make use of their respective rational, productive, emancipatory and modernizing potential. Here, it is almost the last "resort" for one to insist on the publicity and public control in planning decision-making, especially in terms of the role of laymen - versus the more powerful and influential stakeholders - as the key direction in developing of new modes of planning. In this context, of crucial importance is to develop a new theoretical articulation of the concept of "postsocialist" public interests, as this concept is constituent for developing democratic planning during the transition period. The key aspect here pertains to balancing a large number of emerging and legitimate individual interest vis-à-vis public (collective, common, and similar) interests. This also applies to developing new institutional and organization arrangements and support that are needed, to direct the "societal game" of individual interests to collective public purposes. Particularly, effective arrangements of the kind are needed to prevent the "game" ends in destructive outcome, in the first place for the already well established public interests that will predictably keep such status.
AB  - U radu se polazi od hipoteze da je koncept "postsocijalističkih" javnih interesa otvoren u svakom od osnovnih i glavnih značenja, što implicira da na teorijskom nivou i u planskoj heuristici treba izgraditi okvir koji bi bio prihvatljiv i kao zajednički imenitelj za većinu aktera, i za uravnoteženje individualnih (parcijalnih) i zajedničkih interesa u donošenju, pripremanju i ostvarivanju odluka na raznim nivoima planiranja. Izvesno je da u postojećim tranzicijskim uslovima ima malo toga za šta se unapred sa sigurnošću može ustvrditi da predstavlja javni ili opšti interes, a šta, pak, to nije. Kvalitet odluka i njihova šira ili uža društvena relevantnost suštinski zavisi od kvaliteta planske komunikacije i interakcije, pa su stoga njene karakteristike jednako važne za konstituisanje javnog interesa. U radu se naročito ukazuje na ugroženi legitimitet planiranja koji prati slom ranijih ("socijalističkih") javnih interesa. Nastojimo da pokažemo da se, usprkos manjkavostima novih pristupa, u planiranju veoma dobro može iskoristiti njihov racionalni i produktivni potencijal. Na koncu, za razvoj emancipatorskog i modernizatorskog planiranja i "ne ostaje ništa drugo" nego da igraju na kartu javnosti, kontrole od strana javnosti, zaštite javnog interesa i participacije koja tome vodi, a naročito one u kojoj važnu ulogu imaju tzv. obični građani, pored svih drugih, moćnijih "stejkholdera". Teorijska artikulacija javnog interesa suštinski je važna za konstituisanje demokratskog planiranja u uslovima postsocijalističke tranzicije, naročito sa stanovišta usklađivanja velikog broja novonastalih, legitimnih individualnih interesa i javnih, odnosno kolektivnih/zajedničkih interesa. U tome, centralni problem je: kakvi institucionalni i organizacioni aranžmani su neophodni, i koje podrške su nužne, da bi se kroz "društvenu igru" individualnih strategija došlo do novih, legitimnih opštih/javnih interesa? Još pre toga, šta treba preduzeti da ta "igra" ne postane destruktivna po već uspostavljene javne interese, naime, one za koje se osnovano može očekivati da će to biti i ubuduće? .
PB  - Sociološko udruženje Srbije i Crne Gore, Beograd
T2  - Sociologija
T1  - Public interest vs. strategies of individual actors in urban and spatial planning
T1  - Javni interes i strategije aktera u urbanističkom i prostornom planiranju
VL  - 48
IS  - 4
SP  - 356
EP  - 382
DO  - 10.2298/SOC0604356V
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Vujošević, Miodrag and Petovar, Ksenija",
year = "2006",
abstract = "Here a preliminary hypothesis is used, viz., that the concept of "postsocialist" public interests is disputed in each and every aspect, implicating that a new theoretical and heuristic framework is needed for urban planning. This framework ought to be developed in a way to render it acceptable as a common denominator for the majority of urban actors, on the one hand, and to help balance individual (partial) and collective interests in the preparation and implementation of planning decisions at various planning levels, on the other. Under the current conditions of transition, there are very few elements that could in advance and with certainty be ascertained of public or general interest. The quality and societal relevance of planning decisions would basically depend on the quality of planning communication and interaction, also being relevant for the developing of a public interest. In the contribution, it is particularly emphasized that, following the collapse of the former ("socialist") public interests, the very legitimacy of planning is endangered as well. We direct attention to a number of new approaches, with a view to make use of their respective rational, productive, emancipatory and modernizing potential. Here, it is almost the last "resort" for one to insist on the publicity and public control in planning decision-making, especially in terms of the role of laymen - versus the more powerful and influential stakeholders - as the key direction in developing of new modes of planning. In this context, of crucial importance is to develop a new theoretical articulation of the concept of "postsocialist" public interests, as this concept is constituent for developing democratic planning during the transition period. The key aspect here pertains to balancing a large number of emerging and legitimate individual interest vis-à-vis public (collective, common, and similar) interests. This also applies to developing new institutional and organization arrangements and support that are needed, to direct the "societal game" of individual interests to collective public purposes. Particularly, effective arrangements of the kind are needed to prevent the "game" ends in destructive outcome, in the first place for the already well established public interests that will predictably keep such status., U radu se polazi od hipoteze da je koncept "postsocijalističkih" javnih interesa otvoren u svakom od osnovnih i glavnih značenja, što implicira da na teorijskom nivou i u planskoj heuristici treba izgraditi okvir koji bi bio prihvatljiv i kao zajednički imenitelj za većinu aktera, i za uravnoteženje individualnih (parcijalnih) i zajedničkih interesa u donošenju, pripremanju i ostvarivanju odluka na raznim nivoima planiranja. Izvesno je da u postojećim tranzicijskim uslovima ima malo toga za šta se unapred sa sigurnošću može ustvrditi da predstavlja javni ili opšti interes, a šta, pak, to nije. Kvalitet odluka i njihova šira ili uža društvena relevantnost suštinski zavisi od kvaliteta planske komunikacije i interakcije, pa su stoga njene karakteristike jednako važne za konstituisanje javnog interesa. U radu se naročito ukazuje na ugroženi legitimitet planiranja koji prati slom ranijih ("socijalističkih") javnih interesa. Nastojimo da pokažemo da se, usprkos manjkavostima novih pristupa, u planiranju veoma dobro može iskoristiti njihov racionalni i produktivni potencijal. Na koncu, za razvoj emancipatorskog i modernizatorskog planiranja i "ne ostaje ništa drugo" nego da igraju na kartu javnosti, kontrole od strana javnosti, zaštite javnog interesa i participacije koja tome vodi, a naročito one u kojoj važnu ulogu imaju tzv. obični građani, pored svih drugih, moćnijih "stejkholdera". Teorijska artikulacija javnog interesa suštinski je važna za konstituisanje demokratskog planiranja u uslovima postsocijalističke tranzicije, naročito sa stanovišta usklađivanja velikog broja novonastalih, legitimnih individualnih interesa i javnih, odnosno kolektivnih/zajedničkih interesa. U tome, centralni problem je: kakvi institucionalni i organizacioni aranžmani su neophodni, i koje podrške su nužne, da bi se kroz "društvenu igru" individualnih strategija došlo do novih, legitimnih opštih/javnih interesa? Još pre toga, šta treba preduzeti da ta "igra" ne postane destruktivna po već uspostavljene javne interese, naime, one za koje se osnovano može očekivati da će to biti i ubuduće? .",
publisher = "Sociološko udruženje Srbije i Crne Gore, Beograd",
journal = "Sociologija",
title = "Public interest vs. strategies of individual actors in urban and spatial planning, Javni interes i strategije aktera u urbanističkom i prostornom planiranju",
volume = "48",
number = "4",
pages = "356-382",
doi = "10.2298/SOC0604356V"
}
Vujošević, M.,& Petovar, K.. (2006). Public interest vs. strategies of individual actors in urban and spatial planning. in Sociologija
Sociološko udruženje Srbije i Crne Gore, Beograd., 48(4), 356-382.
https://doi.org/10.2298/SOC0604356V
Vujošević M, Petovar K. Public interest vs. strategies of individual actors in urban and spatial planning. in Sociologija. 2006;48(4):356-382.
doi:10.2298/SOC0604356V .
Vujošević, Miodrag, Petovar, Ksenija, "Public interest vs. strategies of individual actors in urban and spatial planning" in Sociologija, 48, no. 4 (2006):356-382,
https://doi.org/10.2298/SOC0604356V . .
4

Unlicensed construction and the gray economy: A parallel

Petovar, Ksenija

(Sociološko udruženje Srbije i Crne Gore, Beograd, 1992)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Petovar, Ksenija
PY  - 1992
UR  - https://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/5
AB  - Unlicensed housing construction and the gray economy are analyzed in the context of the political system that was founded on social ownership and subordinated the overall institutional network of the society as a whole to the interests and arrangements of the titularies of social ownership. Private initiative, hindered on the institutional level, found and broadened cracks through which it was able to meet its (existential) needs. Not a small part of the population was forced to exercise their basic rights - housing, business activity etc. by unlawful means. The chaotic and unregulated practice of institutionally marginalized and illegal private initiative have produced many negative consequences, both for the titularies themselves and for the community, due to an evident disproportion between the resources invested and the level of the quality of life achieved on one hand and the reduced resources for social activities (collective consumption) an the other hand.
PB  - Sociološko udruženje Srbije i Crne Gore, Beograd
T2  - Sociologija
T1  - Unlicensed construction and the gray economy: A parallel
T1  - Bespravna izgradnja i siva ekonomija - jedna paralela
VL  - 34
IS  - 4
SP  - 525
EP  - 538
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_5
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Petovar, Ksenija",
year = "1992",
abstract = "Unlicensed housing construction and the gray economy are analyzed in the context of the political system that was founded on social ownership and subordinated the overall institutional network of the society as a whole to the interests and arrangements of the titularies of social ownership. Private initiative, hindered on the institutional level, found and broadened cracks through which it was able to meet its (existential) needs. Not a small part of the population was forced to exercise their basic rights - housing, business activity etc. by unlawful means. The chaotic and unregulated practice of institutionally marginalized and illegal private initiative have produced many negative consequences, both for the titularies themselves and for the community, due to an evident disproportion between the resources invested and the level of the quality of life achieved on one hand and the reduced resources for social activities (collective consumption) an the other hand.",
publisher = "Sociološko udruženje Srbije i Crne Gore, Beograd",
journal = "Sociologija",
title = "Unlicensed construction and the gray economy: A parallel, Bespravna izgradnja i siva ekonomija - jedna paralela",
volume = "34",
number = "4",
pages = "525-538",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_5"
}
Petovar, K.. (1992). Unlicensed construction and the gray economy: A parallel. in Sociologija
Sociološko udruženje Srbije i Crne Gore, Beograd., 34(4), 525-538.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_5
Petovar K. Unlicensed construction and the gray economy: A parallel. in Sociologija. 1992;34(4):525-538.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_5 .
Petovar, Ksenija, "Unlicensed construction and the gray economy: A parallel" in Sociologija, 34, no. 4 (1992):525-538,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_raumplan_5 .